DAFTAR OBAT ANTIBIOTIKA YANG AMAN DAN BERBAHAYA UNTUK IBU HAMIL DAN MENYUSUI

DAFTAR OBAT ANTIBIOTIKA YANG AMAN DAN BERBAHAYA UNTUK IBU HAMIL DAN MENYUSUI

Nama Generik

Kategori Risiko Kehamilan

Risiko Menyusui

Amoxicillin

B

L1

Aztreonam

B

L2

Cefadroxil

B

L1

Cefazolin

B

L1

Cefotaxime

B

L2

Cefoxitin

B

L1

Cefprozil

C

L1

Ceftazidime

B

L1

Ceftriaxone

B

L2

Ciprofloxacin

C

L3

Clindamycin

B

L3

Erythromycin

B

L1 L3 early postnatal

Fleroxacin

NR

Gentamicin

C

L2

Kanamycin

D

L2

Moxalactam

NR

Nitrofurantoin

B

L2

Ofloxacin

C

L2

Penicillin

B

L1

Streptomycin

D

L3

Sulbactam

NR

Sulfisoxazole

C

L2

Tetracycline

D

L2

Ticarcillin

B

L1

Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole

C

L3

*  Per the AAP Policy Statement The Transfer of Drugs and Other Chemicals Into Human Milk, revised September 2001.

      • Approved: (Table 6) Maternal Medication Usually Compatible With Breastfeeding
      • Concern: (Table 4) Drugs for Which the Effect on Nursing Infants Is Unknown but May Be of Concern
      • Caution: (Table 5) Drugs That Have Been Associated With Significant Effects on Some Nursing Infants and Should Be Given to Nursing Mothers With Caution
      • NR: Not Reviewed. This drug has not yet been reviewed by the AAP.

** Per Medications’ and Mothers’ Milk by Thomas Hale, PhD (2004 edition).

 Lactation Risk Categories  Pregnancy Risk Categories
  • L1 (safest)
  • L2 (safer)
  • L3 (moderately safe)
  • L4 (possibly hazardous)
  • L5 (contraindicated)
  • A (controlled studies show no risk)
  • B (no evidence of risk in humans)
  • C (risk cannot be ruled out)
  • D (positive evidence of risk)
  • X (contraindicated in pregnancy)
NR: Not Reviewed. This drug has not yet been reviewed by Hale.

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